Lacey and Larkin’s Legal Contention with Arpaio’s Presidential Pardon

Presidential pardons have been issued throughout the history of the United States, and many of which are often controversial and unusual in nature.

The latest pardon issued by President Donald Trump for Joe Arpaio, who was considered the toughest sheriff in America’s Maricopa County, has not escape controversy because the ex-sheriff was publicized and known for his notorious and unlawful dispensation of authority, including the illegal arrests and detention of Michael Lacey and Jim Larkin.

Ten years previously under the darkness of the night, agents from the Maricopa County Selective Enforcement Unit knocked on the doors of Jim Larkin and Michael Lacey in Phoenix, Arizona.

The reason for their presence is because Joe Arpaio ordered the arrests and detention of Larkin and Lacey due to charges of giving out details regarding an investigation being conducted by a grand jury.

During that time, Michael Lacey and Jim Larkin were affiliated with the Village Voice Media newspaper, where Lacey was the executive editor and Larkin was the Chief Executive Officer.

In the morning of the day that they were arrested, they featured an article that contained a probe that is being undertaken by a grand jury on the Village Voice Media newspaper – the Phoenix New Times.

But Lacey and Larkin were not aware during that instance is that the grand jury was actually doing an investigation of them.

On the other hand, Joe Arpaio has been increasingly irked by the swelling exposure the Phoenix New Times was doing on his unlawful dispensation of authority from the time he became Maricopa County’s sheriff. The notorious tent city he had built as well as the ill treatment and abuse of inmates including women and children especially if they hold immigrant status, have all been incessantly published by numerous newspapers.

From the time Joe Arpaio has been appointed as sheriff, he was duly informed of what is illegally and legally permissible by law.

And in 2011, Judge Murray of the United District Court informed Arpaio that jailing immigrants due to mere suspicion is not an acceptable evidence on whether the said immigrant has proper status or not. And without proper evidence it is unlawful to detain that individual.

The mentioned scenarios were discussed privately with the sheriff prior to 2011. However, they became known when a legal complaint was filed against Arpaio about 10 years in the past.

The case bared the dire circumstances the inmates went through in the tent city, and along with that evidence, he was indicted for violating the Latinos as well as the other immigrant groups’ rights.

After Arpaio was convicted, he lost his bid for another term for the sheriff’s office, and eventually Lacy and Larking were given a cash settlement of $3.75 million for their illegal arrests instigated by Arpaio.

Currently, the Frontera Fund, which Lacy and Larkin founded through their cash settlement continue to help Latinos and other immigrant’s throughout Arizona. But with the pardon given by President Trump, it is hard to conclude where Arpaio will be or how things will fare out for him.

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Jim Larkin | LinkedIn
Michael Lacey | Crunchbase

A Brief Glimpse at Michael Lacey

Michael Thoreau Lacey is an American mathematician, he was born on September 26th, 1959 and received a Ph.D. from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1987. Upon graduating he chose to do his thesis statement on Banach spaces.

He is famous among mathematicians for solving a problem relating to relativity theory called the law of iterated logarithm, which is itself a study of fluctuations of the mathematical object known at random walk. Read more: Michael Lacey | Wikipedia and Michael Lacey |Math Alliance

The first job position he held after receiving his Ph.D. was at Louisiana State University. Lacey then moved to Indiana University where he received the National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship. He has been a Professor of Mathematics at Georgia Institute of Technology since he left Indiana in 1996.

The same year he started working in George, he received the prestigious Salem Prize. Lacey received another grant in 2004 called the Guggenheim Fellowship. The grant is awarded to creative groups or individuals, usually in arts.

Lacey has also been on the other end of the grant process. He has personally overseen the gifting of grants like VIGRE and MCTP and in doing so has supported many students in achieving their educational dreams. Lacey advises students in his office in George on a near daily basis and has been the personal teacher of more than 10 postdocs.

Even with all of his success in the world of probability, his most important work, it is safe to say, is his work in harmonic analysis, which is a sub-type of mathematics dealing with representation of functions as harmonic waves.

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Lacey and Larkin Frontera Fund Fighting for a Safer State for All

350 community organizations have signed a petition opposing the recently passed HR3697nalso referred to as the Criminal Alien Gang Member Removal Act.

The definition accorded to a criminal gang is an association that has committed one of the following offenses; obstructing justice, drug offenses, assisting undocumented immigrants, violent crimes and other violations as enshrined in the USA laws. Analysts say the bill targets asylum seekers, refugees, and other immigrants and will infringe their human and civil rights.

Further, an immigrant linked to a gang to a gang either by suspicion or association is at risk of from the states. The bill goes against the international laws with the introduction of non-bond arbitrary detentions that are mandatory.

The conflict between state and international laws often arise primarily in cases where immigrants are involved. Above all, international laws call for equal freedoms and rights for all regardless of their nationality.

Some countries have embraced these laws while others are still trying to work around it. Oversight bodies and groups lead the advocacy for civic and human rights for members. The United Nations Human Rights Council provides a basis for UN member state on human rights-related matters.

The international body addresses key areas in human rights including the freedom of expression, association, and assembly, women rights, child rights, minority rights among others. The National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights (NNIRR) purposes to defend all immigrants and refugees despite the immigration status.

The Lacey and Larkin Frontera fund is among the human right watch bodies against the passing of the Criminal Alien Gang Member Removal Act. The Arizona based organization formed by media executives and activists Mike Lacey and Jim Larkin.

While working at living in Arizona, Jim and Lacey witness the challenges faced by the minorities in the state especially the Latino. Through an article published by the Phoenix time, the two highlighted the misconducts of the Maricopa County Sheriffs among them the unlawful detainment of Latinos in the jails.

The report also highlighted abuse of power, the devastating state of the county prisons and death cases in the prisons. They were detained and released after public outcry. Jim and Mike sued the Sherriff’s office and received a compensation of 3.7 million. All the money went to the Lacey and Larkin Frontera foundation.

Through partnerships with other organizations, the Lacey and Larkin Frontera funds actively advocated for human, civil and migrant rights. It partners with faith-based non-profit, No More Deaths that works towards alleviating immigrant suffering by providing shelter, medical care, water, food and other supplies.

They non-profit also document reports on abuse of migrants by American Authorities and helps deported migrants recover properties lost during detentions and arrests.

The government’s efforts to curb crime is appreciated, but intentional profiling goes against human, civil and migrant rights.

Learn more about Jim Larkin and Michael Lacey: